Sub-Specialty of Pediatric Pulmonology


Lung diseases and pulmonary infections are the most common cause of death worldwide. Relevant curricula have been developed and implemented by the World Health Organization for many years.

Program Description

  • Increasing incidence of pulmonary diseases and the consequent primary and secondary effects cause many physical disabilities throughout the life of the child. Many pulmonary diseases can be prevented by timely and appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, decreased side effects will improve the quality of life and reduce the psycho-economic burden. Since most diseases originated from organs such as heart, kidneys, immune system, and connective tissue involve the lungs as well, the importance of these pediatric pulmonary diseases becomes more obvious. Diseases of the lung and other organs and respiratory emergencies, such as airway obstruction as the main causes of child mortality can be prevented. This curriculum aims to create better conditions for education and research in the field of pediatric pulmonary diseases by providing respiratory services to children and society.


Program Objectives

This program aims to provide training regarding diagnosis, treatment, research and teaching of respiratory disorders in children as well as training in the following procedural Skills (Diagnostic-Therapeutic Procedures): 

  • Fiberoptic bronchoscopy (under anesthetic monitoring)
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Removing foreign bodies from the respiratory system of children (using fiberoptic bronchoscopy under anesthetic monitoring)
  • Bronchi and lung biopsy
  • Bronchography
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage using different fluids
  • Endoscopy by contrast injection into tracheal and esophageal fistulas
  • Thoracentesis and pleural tap (therapeutic and diagnostic)
  • Chest tube insertion
  • Pleural biopsy
  • Performing sputum induction
  • N.G Tube insertion
  • Preparation of sputum and secretion samples using deep throat swabs
  • Tracheal puncture 
  • Emergency needle cricothyroidotomy 
  • Oxygen therapy and using the relevant devices
  • Using nebulizers and aerosol related devices
  • Challenge spirometry
  • Taking an ABG
  • Chemical plurodesis
  • Intubation
  • Working with ventilators
  • Performing tuberculin tests and BCG
  • Gram staining
  • Prick test


Program Instructors

  • Dr. Mohammad-Reza Modaresi, Pediatric Pulmonologist
  • Dr. Safoura Navaeian, Pediatric Pulmonologist
  • Dr. Rohollah Shirzadi, Pediatric Pulmonologist


Tuition Fee

  • $5000, a scholarship is available for a top applicant. Alternatively, a scholarship is available for current pediatric resident and/or applicants from developing countries each year.


Program Duration

  • 2 years


Method(s) of Instruction

During this course, various methods and techniques will be used:

  • Various intra- and intersectoral, hospital, interdisciplinary and inter-university conferences as well as seminars
  • Discussion in small groups, workshops, journal clubs and reading groups as well as Case Presentation
  • Participation in training lower ranks
  • Bedside teaching in the department of pediatric pulmonology wards, a portion of 5 days per week for a period of 15 months
  • Teaching in outpatient pediatric pulmonology clinics, a portion of 2 days per week for 12 months
  • Teaching in bronchoscopy ward for 6 months
  • Participating in the ground round, journal club, case-based discussions, book review conferences, and some workshops on research methodology and how to write a paper. 
  • Self-Education, Self-Study
  • Other training methods and techniques according to the requirements and objectives


Contact Person

  • Mohammad-Reza Modaresi, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Pulmonologist, Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Email:


Who can attend?

  • Individuals holding an M.D. or an M.B.B.S. degree and having a specialty in pediatrics. The eligible candidate must have successfully completed an approved pediatrics residency program.
Last Update At : 28 May 2019